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A-Xing Zhu
Department of Geography
University of Wisconsin
550 North Park Street
Madison, Wisconsin 53706

Telephone: (608) 262-0272

Fax: (608) 265-3991


2012 Spring Office Hours:

Tuesdays 2:30 - 3:30

Thursdays 2:00 - 3:00

For Prospective Students

Career Research Interests
Teaching Responsibilities
Research Projects
Honors and Awards
Refereed Publications
Other Links (His Service)

Career Research Interests

Geographic information systems and remote sensing techniques, and their application in environmental modelling and resource management.

Teaching Responsibilities

Global Physical Environments
(Geog 120)

Introduction to GIS
(Geog 377)

Environmental Modeling with GIS
(Geog 577)

GIS Applications
(Geog 578)

GIS and Spatial Analysis
(Geog 579)

Seminar in Geographic Information Science
(Geog 970)

Research Projects

  • Mapping spatial variation using ad-hoc samples
  • Purposive sampling for spatial mapping
  • Spatial data mining using visual analytics
  • Watershed system science and modeling
  • Snob-nose monkey habitat mapping using soft-knowledge
  • Soil resource mapping using GIS with fuzzy logic
  • Landslide susceptibility mapping under fuzzy logic
  • Sensitivity analysis of ecological models to detailed soil spatial information
  • Land surface dynamics mapping using MODIS
  • Data Compatibility in Spatial Databases

Honors and Awards

    2009 The Hamel Faculty Fellow Award, University of Wisconsin-Madison
    2008 The Vilas Associate Award, University of Wisconsin-Madison
    2003 The "One Hundred Talents" Award, Chinese Academy of Sciences
    1997 The ASPRS Intergraph Award for best scientific paper in spatial data standards
    1985-86 World Bank Scholarship for outstanding Chinese scholars

Refereed Publications

66 Pei, T., C. Zhou, A.X. Zhu, B. Li, C. Qin, accepted. "Discovering Clusters in Spatio-temporal Data Using Windowed Nearest-Neighbour Method", International Journal of Geographic Information Science.

65 Pei, T., A.X. Zhu, C. Zhou, B. Li, C. Qin, accepted. "Detecting Feature from Spatial Point Processes Using Averaging Nearest-neighbor", Computers, Environment and Urban Systems.

64. Zhu, A.X., F. Liu, B. Li, T. Pei, C. Qin, G. Liu, Y. Wang, Y. Chen, X. Ma, F. Qi, C. Zhou, accepted. "Differentiation of soil conditions over flat areas using land surface feedback dynamic patterns extracted from MODIS", Soil Science Society of America Journal.

63. Ren, G., A.X. Zhu, W. Wang, W. Xiao, Y. Huang, G. Li, D. Li, J. Zhu, accepted. "A hierarchical approach coupled with coarse DEM information for improving the efficiency and accuracy of forest mapping over very rugged terrains", Forest Ecology and Management.

62. Du, F., A.X. Zhu, 2011. The Construction of Geo-Visual Analysis Environment for Raster Geospatial Data, Geo-Information Science (Chinese). 杜斐,朱阿兴,裴韬,秦承志. 栅格数据地学可视化分析环境的构建分析, 地球信息科学,2011, 13(4): 472-479.

61. Zhu, A.X., P. Wang, J.E. Burt, R.K. Li, L.J. Chen, accepted. "Problems and challenges of applying high resolution spatial data in hydro-ecological modeling across scales", In: G.R. Yu (editor), Frontiers in Human Activities and Ecosystem Changes (Chinese), Science Press.

60. Qin, C. A.X. Zhu, X. Shi, T. Pei, B. Li, C. Zhou, Accepted. "The quantification of spatial gradation of slope positions", Geomorphology.

59. Liu, J., Zhu, A.X., 2009. Mapping with Words: A New Approach to Automated Digital Soil Survey, International Journal of Intelligent Systems 24, 293-311.

58. Liu, F., A.X. Zhu, T. Pei, B.L. Li, C.H. Qin, accepted. "Application of high temporal resolution of remote sensing data in mapping soil spatial variation." Geo-Information Science (Chinese).

57. Liu, F., A.X. Zhu, B.L. Li, T. Pei, C.H. Qin, G.H. Liu, Y.J. Wang, C.H. Zhou, 2009. "Differentiation of soil spatial variation using land surface dynamics captured by remote sensing techniques." Soil Information (Chinese), Vol. 40 (3), pp. 501-508. 刘峰,朱阿兴,李宝林,裴韬,秦承志, 刘高焕,王英杰,周成虎,2009. 利用陆面动态反馈模式来识别土壤类型的空间差异. 土壤通报,40 (3):501-508.

56. Behrens, T., K. Schmidt, A.X. Zhu, T. Scholten, Accepted. "Multi-scale digital terrain analysis and feature selection for digital soil mapping", Geoderma.

55. Zhu, A.X., Yang, L., B.L. Li, C.Z. Qin, T. Pei, B.Y. Liu, Accepted. "Construction of quantitative relationships between soil and environment using fuzzy c-means clustering", Geoderma.

54. Yang, L., A.X. Zhu, C.Z. Qin, B.L. Li, T. Pei, B.Y. Liu, 2009. "Mapping soil property using fuzzy membership: an example from He Shan, Heilongjiang Province." Acta Pedologica Sinica (Chinese), 46(1), pp. 9-15. 杨琳,朱阿兴,秦承志,李宝林,裴韬,刘宝元. 运用模糊隶属度进行土壤属性制图的研究—以黑龙江鹤山农场研究区为例. 土壤学报, 46(1): 9-15.

53. Pei, T., A. Jasra, D.J. Hand, A.X. Zhu, 2008. "DECODE: A new method for discovering clusters of different densities in spatial data", Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery. DOI: 10.1007/s10618-008-0120-3.

52. Yang, F.H., A.X. Zhu, K. Ichii, M.A. White, H. Hashimoto, R.R. Nemani, 2008. "Representativeness Analysis of the Ameriflux Network", Journal of Geophysical Research, DOI: 10.1029/2007JG000627, 2008.

51. Zhou, S.Y., A.X. Zhu, W.L. Qiu, F. Liu, and J.C. Dai, 2008. GIS-based connectivity analysis and its application in prime farmland protection planning, Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural EngineeringVol. 24, No. 7, pp. 72-77. 周尚意,朱阿兴,邱维理,刘峰,戴俊骋,基于GIS的农用地连片性分析及其在基本农田保护规划中的应用。农业工程学报,24(7):72-77.

50. Qi, F., Zhu, A-X., Pei, T., Qin, C., and Burt, J.E., 2008, Knowledge discovery from are-class resource maps: capturing prototype effects, Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 35(4) 223-237.

49. Zhu, A.X., 2008. "Spatial Scale and Neighborhood Size in Spatial Data Processing for Modeling Nature Environment". In: Mount, N. J., Harvey, G. L., Aplin, P. and Priestnall, G., Innovations in GIS 13: Representing, Modeling and Visualizing the Natural Environment, CRC Press, Florida, pp.147-165.

48. Zhu, A.X., L. Yang; B. Li, C. Qin, E. English, J. E. Burt, C.H. Zhou, 2008. "Purposefully sampling for digital soil mapping". In: A.E. Hartemink, A.B. McBratney and M.L. Mendonca Santos (eds.) Digital Soil Mapping with Limited Data, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 233-245.

47. Zhu, A.X., Burt J E, Smith M, Wang R X, Gao J., 2008. The impact of Neighbourhood Size on Terrain Derivatives and Digital Soil Mapping. In: Q. Zhou, B. Lees G. Tang (eds.) Advances in Digital Terrain Analysis. Springer-Verlag, New York, pp.333-348.

46. Zhu, A.X., 2008. "Rule based mapping". In: J.P. Wilson and A.S. Fotheringham (eds) The Handbook of Geographic Information Science, Blackwell, Malden, MA, pp. 273-291.

45. Qin, C.Z., A.X. Zhu, X. Shi, B.L. Li, T. Pei, C.H. Zhou, 2007. "Fuzzy inference of gradation of slope positions." Geographical Research (Chinese). 秦承志,朱阿兴,施迅,李宝林,裴韬,周成虎. 坡位渐变信息的模糊推理. 地理研究,26(6):1165-1174.

44. Yang, F., K. Ichii, M.A. White, H. Hashimoto, A.R. Michaelis, P.Votava, A.X. Zhu, A. Huete, S. Running, and R.R. Nemani, 2007. "Developing a Continental-scale Measure of Gross Primary Production by Combining MODIS and AmeriFlux Data through Support Vector Machine Approach," Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 110, No. 3, pp. 109-122

43. Li, B., A.X. Zhu, C. Zhou, Y. Zhang, T. Pei, and C. Qin, 2007. "Automatic mapping of snow cover depletion curves using optical remote sensing data under conditions of frequent cloud cover and temporary snow", Hydrological Processes. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.6891.

42. Cui M., Q.G. Cai, A.X. Zhu, H.M. Fan, 2007. "Soil erosion along a long slope in the gentle hilly areas of black soil region in Northest China". Journal of Geographical Sciences, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 375-383.

41. Yang, L., A. X, Zhu, B.L. Li, C. Qin, T. Pei, B.Y. Liu, R.K. Li, Q.G. Cai, 2007. Extraction of Knowledge about Soil-Environment Relationship for Soil Mapping Using Fuzzy c-Means (FCM) Clustering. Acta Pedologica Sinica (Chinese), Vol. 44 (5), pp. 16-23. 杨琳, 朱阿兴,李宝林,秦承志,裴韬,刘宝元,李润奎,蔡强国. 应用模糊c均值聚类获取土壤制图所需土壤-环境关系知识的方法研究. 土壤学报,2007,44(5):16-23.

40. Pei, T., A.X. Zhu, C. Zhou, B. Li, C. Qin, 2007. "Delineation of support domain of feature in the presence of noise", Computer & Geosciences, 33, pp. 592-965.

39. Qin, C., A.X. Zhu, T. Pei, L. Yang, T. Pei, B. Li, C. Zhou, 2007. "An adaptive approach to selecting flow partition exponent for multiple flow direction algorithm", International Journal of Geographical Information Science, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp.443-458.

38. Li, R.K. A.X. Zhu, P.C. Augello, J.E. Burt, 2007. "Sensitivity of SWAT model to detailed soil information", Geo-Information Science (Chinese), Vol. 9. No. 3, pp. 72-78. 李润奎,朱阿兴,P. C. Augello, J. E. Burt. SWAT模型对高精度土壤信息的敏感性研究. 地球信息科学,2007,9(3):72-78.

37. Shi, X., A.X. Zhu, J. Burt, W. Choi, R. Wang, T. Pei, B. Li, C. Qin, 2007. "An experiment using a circular neighborhood to calculated slope gradient from a DEM", Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, Vol. 73, No. 2, pp. 143-154.

36. Roth, R., A.X. Zhu, E. Holbus, J. Papez, and J. Quan, 2006. "An automated approach to site selection for ecological restoration in fragmented landscape", Journal of Geographical Information Science, pp. 98-105.

35. Qin, C., A.X. Zhu, B. Li, T. Pei, C. Zhou, 2006. "Review of multiple flow direction algorithms based on gridded digital elevation models", Earth Science Frontiers (Chinese), Vol.13 (3), pp. 91-98. 秦承志,朱阿兴,李宝林,裴韬,周成虎. 基于栅格DEM的多流向算法述评. 地学前缘,2006,13(3):91-98.

34. Qin, C., L. Yang, A.X. Zhu, B. Li, T. Pei, C. Zhou, 2006. "A method for computing topographic wetness index over flat terrain", Progress in Geographic Science (Chinese). 秦承志,杨琳,朱阿兴,李宝林,裴韬,周成虎. 平缓地区地形湿度指数的计算方法. 地理科学进展,2006, 25(6):87-93.

33. Qin, C., B. Li, A.X. Zhu, L. Yang, T. Pei, C. Zhou, 2006. "A strategy for allocating flow in multiple direction using down-slope gradient", Progress in Hydrological Science (Chinese), Vol. 17 (4), pp. 450-456. 秦承志,李宝林,朱阿兴,杨琳,裴韬,周成虎. 水流分配策略随下坡坡度变化的多流向算法. 水科学进展,2006,17(4):450-456

32. Zhu, A.X., T. Pei, J.P. Qiao, Y.B. Chen, C.H. Zhou, Q.G. Cai, 2006. "A knowledge-based approach to landslide susceptibility assessment", Progress in Geographic Science (Chinese), Vol. 25(4)1-12. 朱阿兴, 裴韬,乔建平,陈永波,周成虎,蔡强国. 基于专家知识的滑坡危险性模糊评估方法. 地理科学进展,2006,25(4):1-12.

31. Yang, F., M. A. White, A. R. Michaelis, K. Ichii, H. Hashimoto, P. Votava, A.X. Zhu, R.R. Nemani, 2006. "Prediction of Continental Scale Evapotranspiration by Combining MODIS and AmeriFlux Data through Support Vector Machine", IEEE Transaction on Geosciences and Remote Sensing, Vol. 44, No. 11, pp. 3452-3461.

30. Li, B., A.X. Zhu, Y. Zhang, T. Pei, C. Qin, C. Zhou, 2006. "Glacier change over the past four decades in the middle Chinese Tien Shan", Journal of Glaciology, Vol. 52, No. 178, pp. 425-432.

29. Smith, M., A.X. Zhu*, J.E. Burt, C. Stiles, 2006, "Effects of DEM resolution and neighborhood size on soil survey", Geoderma, 137, pp. 58-69

28. Qi, F., A.X. Zhu, M. Harrower, and J.E. Burt. 2006. "Fuzzy soil mapping based on prototype category theory", Geoderma, 136, pp. 774-787.

27. Pei, T., A.X. Zhu, C.H. Zhou, B.L. Li, C. Qin, 2006. "A new approach on nearest-neighbor method to discover cluster features in overlaid spatial point processes", International Geographical Information Science. Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 153-168.

26. Zhu, A.X., 2006. "Fuzzy logic models in soil science". In Sabine Grunwald and Mary E. Collins (eds.) Environmental soil-landscape modeling : geographic information technologies and pedometrics, CRC/Taylor & Francis, New York, pp. 215-239.

25. Qiao, J.P., A.X. Zhu, C.Y. Wu, H.L. Tian, 2006. "Landslide susceptibility analysis based on contribution of intrinsic factors", Mountain Research, Volume 24, No. 5, pp. 569-573. 乔建平,朱阿兴,吴彩燕, 田宏岭. 采用本底因子贡献率法的三峡库区滑坡危险度区划. 山地学报, 2006, 24(5):569-573.

24. Zhu, A.X., B. Li, L. Yang, T. Pei, C. Qin, G.L. Zhang, Q. Cai, C. Zhou, 2005. "Predictive Soil Mapping Based on A GIS, Expert Knowledge, and Fuzzy Logic Framework and Its Application Prospects in China", ACTA Pedologica Sinica, Vol. 42, No. 5, pp. 844-851. 朱阿兴,李宝林, 杨琳等. 基于GIS、模糊逻辑和专家知识的土壤制图及其在我国应用前景. 土壤学报, 2005,42(5):844-851.

23. Quinn, T., A.X. Zhu*, J.E. Burt, 2005. "Effects of detail soil spatial information on watershed modeling across different model scales", International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, Vol. 7, pp. 324-338

22. Li, W., C. Zhang, J.E. Burt and A.X. Zhu. 2005. A Markov chain-based probability vector approach for modeling spatial uncertainties of soil classes. Soil Science Society of American Journal, 69(6): 1931-1942

21. Shi, X., A.X Zhu and R Wang, 2005. "Fuzzy Representations Special Terrain Feature Using a Similarity-based Approach." In Fred Petry and Vincent B. Robinson (eds.) Fuzzy modeling with spatial information for geographic problems, Springer, New York, pp. 233-251.

20. Zhu, A.X., 2005. "Research issues on uncertainty in geographic data and GIS-based analysis." In Robert McMaster and Lynn Ursery (eds.) A Research Agenda For Geographic Information Science, CRC Press, New York, pp. 197-223.

19. Zhu, A.X., R.X. Wang, J.P. Qiao, Y.B. Chen, Q.G. Cai, C.H. Zhou, 2004. "Mapping landslide susceptibility in the Three Gorge Area, China using GIS, expert systems and fuzzy logic", GIS and Remote Sensing in Hydrology, Water Resources and Environment, IAHS Publication 289 (IAHS Red Book), International Association of Hydrological Sciences, Wallingford, UK, pp. 385-391.

18. Li, W., J.E. Burt, A.X. Zhu, C. Zhang, and J. Feyen, 2004. "Two-dimensional Markov chain for simulating spatial distribution of soil types", Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 68:1479-1490.

17. Shi, X., A.X. Zhu, J. Burt, F. Qi, and D. Simonson, 2004. "A case-based reasoning approach to fuzzy soil mapping", Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 68, pp. 885-894.

16. Qi, F., A.X. Zhu, 2003. "Knowledge discovery from soil maps using inductive learning", International Journal of Geographical information Science, Vol. 17, No. 8, pp. 771-795.

15. Cheng, W., C.H. Zhou, A.X. Zhu, Jianxin Li, 2003, "Landscape pattern characteristics of northern foothill belts along Tianshan mountains", Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 4890, No 1, pp. 90-102.

14. Qiao, J.P., A.X. Zhu, Y.B. Chen, R.X. Wang, 2003. "A 3D visible evaluation of landslide risk degree under integration of GIS and artificial intelligence", Science in China E: Engineering & Materials Science, Vol. 46, pp. 142-147.

13. Zhu, A.X., B. Hudson, J. E. Burt, and K. Lubich, 2001. "Soil mapping using GIS, expert knowledge, and fuzzy logic", Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 65, pp. 1463-1472.

12. Zhu, A.X. and D.S, Mackay, 2001. "Effects of spatial detail of soil information on watershed modeling", Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 248, pp. 54-77.

11. Zhu, A.X., 2001. "Modeling spatial variation of classification uncertainty under fuzzy logic". In C. Hunsaker, M.F. Goodchild, M. Friedl, and Case (eds.) Spatial Uncertainty In Ecology, Springer, New York, pp. 330-350.

10. Zhu, A.X. 2000. "Mapping soil landscape as spatial continua: the neural network approach". Water Resources Research, Vol. 36, No. 3, pp. 663-677.

9. Pang, S.C. and A.X. Zhu. 1999. "Spatial Structure of Accommodation Costs in the Madison area". Geographic Information Sciences, Vol. 4, pp. 59-65.

8. Zhu, A.X. 1999. "A personal constructed-based knowledge acquisition process for natural resource mapping using GIS". International Journal of Geographic Information Science, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 119-141.

7. Zhu, A.X. 1999. "Fuzzy inference of soil patterns: implications for watershed modeling". In D.L. Corwin, K. Loague, and T.R. Ellsworth (eds.) Application of GIS, Remote Sensing, Geostatistical and Solute Transport Modeling to the Assessment of Nonpoint Source Pollution in the Vadose Zone, Geophysical Monograph 108, American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC 20009, pp. 135-149.

6. Zhu, A.X. 1997. "Measuring uncertainty in class assignment for natural resource maps under fuzzy logic". Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, Vol. 63, pp. 1195-1202.

5. Zhu, A.X. 1997. "A similarity model for representing soil spatial information". Geoderma, Vol. 77, pp. 217-242.

4. Zhu, A.X., L.E. Band, R. Vertessy, and B. Dutton, 1997. "Derivation of soil properties using a Soil-Land Inference Model (SoLIM)". Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 61, No. 2, pp. 523-533..

3. Zhu, A.X., L.E. Band, B. Dutton, and T. Nimlos, 1996. "Automated soil inference under fuzzy logic", Ecological Modeling, Vol. 90, pp. 123-145.

2. Zhu, A.X., C. Amrhein, and T. Lee, 1996. "A GIS application framework for urban-regional planning". In G. Peng (ed.) Urban GIS Applications (in Chinese), CPGIS: Berkeley, CA, pp. 116-130.

1. Zhu, A.X., and L.E. Band, 1994. "A knowledge-based approach to data integration for soil mapping", Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 408-418.

Other Links (His Service)

CPGIS Annual Award Committee





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